|Citation||Aarnio V, Storvik M, Lehtonen M, Asikainen S, Reisner K, Callaway J, Rudgalvyte M, Lakso M, Wong G. Fatty acid composition and gene expression profiles are altered in aryl hydrocarbon receptor-1 mutant Caenorhabditis elegans. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol, 2010.|
|Short Description||Fatty acid composition and gene expression profiles are altered in aryl hydrocarbon receptor-1 mutant Caenorhabditis elegans. |
GEO Record: GSE16036 Platform: GPL5883
Download gene-centric, log2 transformed data: WBPaper00035560.ce.mr.csv
|# of Conditions||7|
|Full Description||The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a eukaryotic transcription factor that plays an essential role in neuronal, immune, vascular, hepatic and hematopoietic development. In mammals, AHR induces metabolism-associated genes in response to xenobiotics. AHR is evolutionarily conserved, and the C. elegans AHR ortholog likely shares many physiologic functions with the mammalian version. While the role of AHR in development is known, the molecular basis of AHR action is less well understood. To understand the physiologic role of AHR in C. elegans, a combination of fatty acid profiling, transcriptomics, and phenotyping approaches was used. Fatty acid profiles from L4 larval stage whole animals indicated that C17isoA, C18:1n9t, C20:3n6 and C20:4n6 were significantly increased in an ahr-1 mutant compared to wild-type. Consistent with these changes, we observed a significant 5.8 fold increase in fat-7, and 1.7-1.9 fold increases in elo-5, nhr-49, and mdt-15 gene expression during the L4 stage. The ahr-1(ju145) mutant displayed deficits in growth and development including a reduced number of eggs laid, a higher proportion of dead embryos, delay in time to reach L4 stage, and movement deficits including a fewer number of body bends and a longer defecation cycle. To understand global effects of AHR-1 on transcription, microarray analysis was performed on L1 stage animals. Expression changes (324 under- and 238 over-expressed) were found in genes associated with metabolism, growth, and development. These results indicate a role for C. elegans AHR in regulating fatty acid composition and in contributing to some aspects of development. Since the transcriptional control of AHR targets may be evolutionarily conserved, these results provide a deeper understanding of the molecular actions of AHR in a model invertebrate system that may be informative for higher organisms.